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Se muestran los artículos pertenecientes a Mayo de 2013.

MAPAS INTERACTIVOS

No os olvidéis de seguir practicando la geografía española, europea y mundial mientras jugáis con estos mapas interactivos...

2 de mayo: DÍA DE LA COMUNIDAD DE MADRID

 

                           

El 24 de marzo de 1808, Fernando VII hacía su entrada en Madrid por la Puerta de Atocha, aclamado por su pueblo. Ese mismo día Murat ocupó la ciudad, con el beneplácito de un Carlos IV, a quien la situación le había sobrepasado después del Motín de Aranjuez en el que fue obligado a ceder el trono a su hijo, Fernando VII.

Desde entonces, las calles se mantenían tranquilas gracias a la presencia de los soldados franceses, que paseaban a sus anchas por la capital, sin que los madrileños, se hubieran percatado del desdén con que los nuevos dueños trataban al joven Monarca y su gobierno.

               


El sentimiento de rechazo hacía los franceses se empezó a extender como la pólvora. Pero las autoridades tomaban medidas para controlar la situación, prohibiendo los corrillos de gente, cerrando las tabernas a las ocho de la tarde u obligando a los dueños de las fábricas a informar de los oficiales y aprendices que faltasen al trabajo. Madrid era ya una ciudad tomada.

En este clima de tensión e indignación por el desdén mostrado por los franceses se despertaron los madrileños el 2 de mayo de 1808. Este alzamiento popular fue el detonante de la Guerra de la Independencia, que España libró contra Francia a principios del siglo XIX.

En la actualidad el 2 de mayo se ha convertido en el Día de la Comunidad de Madrid y se conmemora el levantamiento histórico de los madrileños contra la dominación francesa.

02/05/2013 09:36 miprimerzarzablog #. NOTICIAS Hay 2 comentarios.

5th May: MOTHER'S DAY

 TODAY IS A WONDERFUL DAY!!

IT’S A SUNNY DAY!!!

IT’S MOTHER’S DAY!!!

HAVE A WONDERFUL SUNNY MOTHER’S DAY!!!


05/05/2013 10:00 miprimerzarzablog #. NOTICIAS Hay 3 comentarios.

9 de mayo: DÍA DE EUROPA

20130509000553-europe-day-2013-medium-es.jpg

El 9 de mayo de cada año se celebra el Día de Europa en recuerdo de ese mismo día de 1950, en el que el ministro de Exteriores de Francia, Robert Schuman, hizo la célebre declaración, conocida como Declaración Schuman, que originó la creación de la primera Comunidad Europea: la del Carbón y Acero.

"La paz mundial sólo puede salvaguardarse mediante esfuerzos creadores proporcionados a los peligros que la amenazan". "Con la puesta en común de las producciones de base y la creación de una Alta Autoridad cuyas decisiones vinculen a Francia, Alemania y los países que se adhieran a ella, esta propuesta establecerá los cimientos concretos de una federación europea indispensable para el mantenimiento de la paz".

En 1985, en la Cumbre de Milán, los Jefes de Estado y de gobierno decidieron instaurar el 9 de mayo como el "Día de Europa". A partir de esa fecha se ha convertido en unos de los símbolos europeos que, junto con la moneda única (el euro), la bandera y el himno, identifican la entidad política de la Unión Europea. 

PÁGINAS DE INTERÉS:

Unión Europea

Eurochavales

Eurojuegos

Banco Central Europeo - Sección Niños

Europa Kids corner

Blog Europ@ Junior

09/05/2013 00:02 miprimerzarzablog #. NOTICIAS No hay comentarios. Comentar.

3rd Conditional Extra Practice

Try to do these activities to improve your knowledge about 3rd Conditional:

Perfect English Grammar 

English Exercises

Better English

 

09/05/2013 13:14 miprimerzarzablog #. ENGLISH No hay comentarios. Comentar.

ELECTRICITY and MAGNETISM - Questions

  1. How is electricity produced?
  2. What is an atom?
  3. Which particles does an atom contain? What type of electric charge have they got?
  4. When is an object electrically neutral?
  5. Why can objects become electrically charged?
  6. What force is there between objects with identical electrical charges?
  7. What is a conductor? Examples.
  8. What is an insulator? Examples.
  9. What distribute electric current to our homes?
  10. What happens to electricity in an electric lamp?
  11. Make a chart with the parts of an electrical circuit, including their functions, their symbols and an example of each.
  12. What is magnetism?
  13. What is a compass? What part of the compass points to our planet’s magnetic north pole?
  14. If you break a magnet into two pieces, how many poles will there be? Will both pieces have a north and a south pole? How many magnets will you have?
  15. What four characteristics do electricity and magnetism have in common?
  16. What provides the electric current for an electromagnet?
  17. What happens when an electric circuit is open?

 

16/05/2013 18:32 miprimerzarzablog #. SOCIAL AND NATURAL SCIENCE No hay comentarios. Comentar.

II CONCURSO DE PORTADA Y CONTRAPORTADA

El C.E.I.P. Virgen de Navalazarza convoca el II Concurso Escolar de dibujos para elegir su “Portada y Contraportada de la Agenda Escolar para el curso 2013/14”.

BASES:

I.- Podrá participar cualquier alumno/a de 5 años hasta 6º de Educación Primaria del colegio.

II.- Los dibujos serán originales e inéditos y el tema que se propone es “La magia de la lectura”. Se podrá realizar con rotuladores, pinturas, plastidecores o ceras.

III.- Los originales deberán estar elaborados a color y en cartulina blanca formato A4.

IV.- Se premiará la originalidad del dibujo y la presentación.

V.- Se establecen dos premios: 1er premio: portada; 2º premio: contraportada.

VI.- Los premios serán: 1er premio: un vale de 80 euros y un diploma; 2º premio: un vale de 50 euros y un diploma. Los vales se podrán canjear en cualquiera de las papelerías del municipio antes del 30 de junio.

VII.- Las ilustraciones se entregarán en la Dirección del centro en sobre cerrado donde se pondrá “II Concurso de la portada y contraportada de la Agenda Escolar 2013/14”, dentro irá también un sobre pequeño con el nombre y apellidos del autor del dibujo, el curso y la clase.

VIII.- El plazo de admisión de dibujos finalizará el viernes 24 de mayo a las 14:00 horas. No se recogerá ningún trabajo después de esta fecha.

IX.- El jurado lo formarán todos los miembros del Consejo Escolar y/o Comisión de Coordinación Pedagógica del colegio. El fallo del jurado será inapelable y se dará a conocer el 30 de mayo.

X.- Todas las ilustraciones presentadas participarán en una exposición colectiva en el corcho de entrada al centro. Los trabajos presentados pasarán a ser propiedad del C.E.I.P. Virgen de Navalazarza que se reserva el derecho a su impresión o difusión sin ánimo de lucro.

XI.- La participación en este concurso implica la total aceptación de estas bases. El jurado se reserva el derecho a descalificar a cualquier participante por incumplimiento de las bases.

XII.- Cualquier imprevisto que no esté recogido en la presente convocatoria será interpretado y resuelto por el jurado.

16/05/2013 23:01 miprimerzarzablog #. NOTICIAS Hay 1 comentario.

 

Enjoy this video and the music

and have a nice weekend!!


17/05/2013 10:55 miprimerzarzablog #. NOTICIAS Hay 1 comentario.

REPORTED SPEECH

What is reported speech?

Reported speech is when you tell somebody else what you or a person said before.

 

Direct speech vs Reported speech:

Direct speechReported speech
She says: "I like tuna fish."She says that she likes tuna fish.
She said: "I’m visiting Paris next weekend"She said that she was visiting Paris the following weekend.

Different types of sentences

When you use reported speech, you either report:

  • Statements
  • questions
  • requests / commands
  • other types

A. Reporting Statements

When transforming statements, check whether you have to change:

  • pronouns
  • tense
  • place and time expression

1- Pronouns

In reported speech, you often have to change the pronoun depending on who says what.

Example:

She says, “My dad likes roast chicken.” – She says that her dad likes roast chicken.

2- Tenses

  • If the sentence starts in the present, there is no backshift of tenses in Reported speech.
  • If the sentence starts in the past, there is often backshift of tenses in Reported speech.
 Direct speechReported speech
(no backshift)“I write poems.”He says that he writes poems.
(backshift)“I write poems.”
He said that he wrote poems.

No backshift

Do not change the tense if the introductory clause is in a present tense (e. g. He says). Note, however, that you might have to change the form of the present tense verb (3rd person singular).

Example:
He says, “I write poems.” – He says that he writes English.

Backshift

You must change the tense if the introductory clause is in a past tense (e. g. He said).

Example:
He said, “I am happy.” – He said that he was happy.

Examples of the main changes in tense:

Direct SpeechReported Speech
Simple Present
He said: "I am happy."
Simple Past
He said that he was happy.
Present Progressive
He said: "I’m looking for my keys."
Past Progressive
He said that he was looking for his keys.
Simple Past
He said: "I visited New York last year." 
Past Perfect Simple
He said that he had visited New York the previous year.
Present Perfect 
He said: "I’ve lived here for a long time."
Past Perfect 
He said that he had lived there for a long time.
Past Perfect 
He said: "They had finished the work when I arrived."
Past Perfect 
He said that they had finished the work when he had arrived."
Past Progressive
He said: "I was playing football when the accident occurred."
Past Perfect Progressive
He said that he had been playing football when the accident had occurred.
Present Perfect Progressive
He said:"I have been playing football for two hours."
Past Perfect Progressive
He said that he had been playing football for two hours.
Past Perfect Progressive
He said: "I had been reading a newspaper when the light went off."
Past Perfect Progressive
He said that he had been reading a newspaper when the light had gone off.
Future Simple (will+verb)
He said: "I will open the door."
Conditional (would+verb)
He said that he would open the door.
Conditional (would+verb)
He said: "I would buy a castle if I were rich"
Conditional (would+verb)
He said that he would buy a castle if he had been rich.

The verbs could, should, would, might, must, needn’t, ought to, used to do not normally change.
Example:
He said, “She might be right.” – He said that she might be right.

3- Place, demonstratives and time expressions

Place, demonstratives and time expressions change if the context of the reported statement (i.e. the location and/or the period of time) is different from that of the direct speech.

In the following table, you will find the different changes of place; demonstratives and time expressions.

Direct SpeechReported Speech
Time Expressions
todaythat day
nowthen
yesterdaythe day before
… days ago… days before
last weekthe week before
next yearthe following year
tomorrowthe next day / the following day
Place
herethere
Demonstratives
thisthat
thesethose

 

B. Reporting Questions

When transforming questions, check whether you have to change:

  • pronouns
  • place and time expressions
  • tenses (backshift)

Also note that you have to:

  • transform the question into an indirect question
  • use the question word (where, when, what, how) or if / whether
Types of questionsDirect speechReported speech
With question word (what, why, where, how...)"Why don’t you speak English?”He asked me why I didn’t speak English.
Without question word (yes or no questions)“Do you speak English?”He asked me whether / if I spoke English.
  
 

C. Reporting requests / commands

When transforming requests and commands, check whether you have to change:

  • pronouns
  • place and time expressions
Direct speechReported speech
“Nancy,do the exercise.“He told Nancy to do the exercise.
"Nancy, give me your pen, please."He asked Nancy to give him her pen.


Example:

She said, “Sit down." - She asked me to sit down.

She said, "don’t be lazy" - She asked me not to be lazy

For affirmative use to + infinitive (without to)

For negative requests, use not to + infinitive (without to).

  
 

D. Other transformations

  • Expressions of advice with mustshould and ought are usually reported using advise / urge.
    Example:
    “You must read this book.“
    He advised / urged me to read that book.
  • The expression let’s is usually reported using suggest. In this case, there are two possibilities for reported speech: gerund or statement with should.
    Example:
    “Let’s go to the cinema.“=
    1. He suggested going to the cinema.
    2. He suggested that we should go to the cinema.
  
 

Exercises on the reported speech

21/05/2013 23:32 miprimerzarzablog #. ENGLISH No hay comentarios. Comentar.

¡QUÉ BUENA NOTICIA!!


Sara Gómez Enrique
, alumna de 1ºB, ha participado en un concurso de la Agencia Espacial Europea (ESA en inglés) y ¡¡¡ha ganado!!!!

La noticia ha salido en la Agencia EFE y en la edición digital de muchos periódicos como ABC y otros.
 
Visitad la página del la ESA para obtener más información.

¡¡¡¡ENHORABUENA SARA!!!

¡¡¡Tus compañeros de 6º estamos muy orgullosos de ti!!!
 
                  
 
22/05/2013 13:45 miprimerzarzablog #. NOTICIAS Hay 3 comentarios.

“Why do dark colours absorb heat?”

Have you ever been told that wearing light colours on a hot day will keep you cooler? Dark colours get hotter than light colours for one big reason: Dark colours absorb more light!

In fact, without light there wouldn’t be any colour at all! When we see colour, it’s because we see light that gets reflected off of something.

Do you have a blue shirt? The reason it looks blue is because when sunshine (or another type of light) hits the shirt, most of the light’s energy is absorbed by the shirt, but the blue energy of light bounces off the shirt. Our eyes can see the energy that bounces off, and to us, the shirt looks blue.

Lighter colours reflect the most light. Darker colours absorb more, but all of that absorbed energy doesn’t just disappear! Energy never just disappears, but it can change. Light that gets absorbed by clothing becomes heat!

Light energy is what makes your warmer, so if you want to cool down, wearing a colour that reflects a lot of light energy is a good choice. 

                         

29/05/2013 23:41 miprimerzarzablog #. SOCIAL AND NATURAL SCIENCE No hay comentarios. Comentar.

LIGHT FACTS

Brighten your science knowledge with these fun light facts for kids:


  • In physics, light refers to electromagnetic radiation. The light we normally talk about in everyday life refers to the visible spectrum (the part of the electromagnetic spectrum that the human eye can see).

  • Other animals can see parts of the spectrum that humans can’t. For example, a large number of insects can see ultraviolet (UV) light.

  • UV light can be used to show things the human eye can’t see, coming in handy for forensic scientists.

  • The wavelength of infrared light is too long to be visible to the human eye.

  • Scientists study the properties and behaviors of light in a branch of physics known as optics.

  • Isaac Newton observed that a thin beam of sunlight hitting a glass prism on an angle creates a band of visible colors that includes red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet (ROYGBIV). This occurred because different colors travel through glass (and other mediums) at different speeds, causing them to refract at different angles and separate from each other.

  • Light travels very, very fast. The speed of light in a vacuum (an area empty of matter) is around 186,000 miles per second (300,000 kilometres per second).

  • Light travels slower through different mediums such as glass, water and air. These mediums are given a refractive index to describe by how much they slow the movement of light. Glass has a refractive index of 1.5, meaning that lights travels through it at around 124,000 miles per second (200,000 kilometres per second). The refractive index of water is 1.3 while the refractive index of air is 1.0003, meaning that air only slightly slows down light.

  • Light takes 1.255 seconds to get from the Earth to the Moon.

  • Sunlight can reach a depth of around 80 metres (262 feet) in the ocean.

  • One of the many things Italian scientist Galileo Galilei worked on was telescopes, producing telescopes with around 30x magnification in some of his later work. These telescopes helped him discover the four largest moons orbiting Jupiter (later named the Galilean satellites).

  • Photosynthesis is a process that involves plants using energy from sunlight to convert carbon dioxide into food.

SCIENCE KIDS

Enjoy fun science games while learning more about science and technology.

There’s a range of free online activities to try with something for everyone whether you’re interested in animals, plants, chemistry, biology, physics, space, magnets, electricity, forces, light, sounds, gases or other science related topics. 

Have fun learning online with these cool science games!

           

30/05/2013 19:19 miprimerzarzablog #. SOCIAL AND NATURAL SCIENCE No hay comentarios. Comentar.

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