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Se muestran los artículos pertenecientes a Noviembre de 2012.

Writing Task 6

Wednesday, 31st October 2012

Creative writing

Write a Halloween story in which there is a cat, a monster with a problem and a haunted house. Have also someone speaking!!

01/11/2012 20:21 miprimerzarzablog #. ENGLISH Hay 1 comentario.

Writing Task 7

Friday, 9th November 2012

Descriptive / Creative writing

Write your diary (true or imaginary) for a day when you had the opportunity to do something you have always wanted to do.

 

10/11/2012 20:25 miprimerzarzablog #. ENGLISH No hay comentarios. Comentar.

The War of Independence (1808-1814)


  • The Revolt of Aranjuez (1808) was a revolt against Carlos IV led by his own son Fernando VII, an unprecedented event in the history of Spain.
  • As a result of the uprising, Carlos IV abdicated the throne in favour of his son Fernando VII.
  • After this confusing situation, Napoleon managed to get Carlos IV and Fernando VII to Bayonne and to give up the throne to José Bonaparte, his brother.
  • Meanwhile Fernando VII remained in prison. When he returned to Spain in 1814, he was received with great jubilation by the entire nation, who named him Fernando the Desired.

The Spanish Civil War

 

  • The Spanish Civil War started in the year 1936.
  • General Francisco Franco led a military coup against the government of the Second Republic.
  • Spaniards were divided into two groups: the republicans and the nationalist.
  • The war ended in the year 1939. The nationalists won the war.
  • General Francisco Franco established a dictatorship.

 

13/11/2012 22:27 miprimerzarzablog #. SOCIAL AND NATURAL SCIENCE No hay comentarios. Comentar.

CONTEMPORARY SPAIN - Questions

  1. Who was the king of Spain on 2nd May 1808?
  2. Where was the Constitution of 1812 signed?
  3. Who became king after the War of Independence?
  4. Who was the first constitutional monarch? When did she rule? Which political group wanted her to have more power?
  5. When did the First Republic start? When did it finished?
  6. Who became king after the First Republic?
  7. When did Primo de Rivera establish a dictatorship?
  8. When did Alfonso XIII leave Spain?
  9. When did the Second Republic start? When did it finished?
  10. What happened in Spain during the Second Republic?
  11. When did the Spanish Civil War start? When did it end? Who won the war? What happened as a result?
  12. Who did the nationalists support during the Civil War?
  13. Who was General Franco? What form of government did he establish in Spain?
  14. When did Franco die?
  15. Who was Spain’s first president after Franco died?
  16. Who tried to lead a military coup in 1981?
  17. Which political party won the elections in 1982?
  18. Which political party was in power in 1998?
  19. What style of buildings did the architect Antonio Gaudí design?
  20. What type of artist were Chillida and Gargallo?
  21. What style of painting was Salvador Dalí famous for using?
  22. Look for the definitions of the following concepts in a dictionary: military coup, republic, monarchy, dictatorship, democracy and strike.

MUSEO DEL PRADO

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La infanta Margarita y el infante Francisco de Paula explican algunas pinturas del Museo del Prado.
16/11/2012 19:22 miprimerzarzablog #. ART No hay comentarios. Comentar.

SPANISH GEOGRAPHY

Locate on the map each of the provinces of Spain.

Click on the image to start the game.

19/11/2012 23:54 miprimerzarzablog #. NOTICIAS No hay comentarios. Comentar.

20 de noviembre: DÍA UNIVERSAL DEL NIÑO

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En 1954 la Asamblea General recomendó que todos los países instituyeran el DIA UNIVERSAL DEL NIÑO, fecha que se dedicaría a la fraternidad y a la comprensión entre los niños del mundo entero y se destinaría a actividades propias para promover el bienestar de los niños del mundo. La Asamblea sugirió a los gobiernos que celebraran el Día en la fecha que cada uno de ellos estimara conveniente. El día 20 de noviembre marca la fecha en que la Asamblea aprobó la Declaración de los Derechos del Niño en 1959 y la Convención sobre los Derechos del Niño en 1989.

En septiembre de 2000, durante la Cumbre del Milenio, los líderes mundiales elaboraron los ocho objetivos de desarrollo del Milenio (ODM), que abarcan desde la reducción a la mitad de la pobreza extrema hasta la detención de la propagación del VIH/SIDA y la consecución de la enseñanza primaria universal para el año 2015. Aunque los objetivos del Milenio están dirigidos a toda la humanidad, se refieren principalmente a la infancia. El UNICEF nota que seis de los ocho objetivos incumben directamente a la infancia y que la realización de los dos últimos también traerá mejoras fundamentales a las vidas de los niños y niñas. (Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio, UNICEF)

En 2012, el Secretario General puso en marcha una nueva iniciativa «La educación ante todo». La iniciativa tiene como objetivo elevar el perfil político de la educación, fortalecer el movimiento mundial para lograr una enseñanza de calidad y generar fondos adicionales a través de una mayor promoción. Los avances en materia de educación tendrán un impacto importante en todos los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio: reducir la mortandad infantil y materna, mejorar la salud, asegurar mayores ingresos y promover sociedades más respetuosas del medio ambiente.

20/11/2012 00:14 miprimerzarzablog #. NOTICIAS No hay comentarios. Comentar.

Present Perfect

Present Perfect Verb Tense

1. Present Perfect - Form

 The present perfect of any verb is composed of two elements : the appropriate form of the auxiliary verb to have (present tense), plus the past participle of the main verb. The past participle of a regular verb is base+ed, e.g. played, arrived, looked

Affirmative

Subject

to have

past participle

She

has

visited

Negative

Subject

to have + not

past participle

She

hasn’t

visited

Interrogative

to have

subject

past participle

Has

she

visited..?

Interrogative negative
to have + notsubjectpast participle
Hasn’tshevisited...?

Example: to walk, present perfect

AffirmativeNegativeInterrogative

I have walked

I haven’t walked

Have I walked?

You have walked

You haven’t walked

Have you walked?

He, she, it has walked

He, she, it hasn’t walked

Has he,she,it walked

We have walked

We haven’t walked

Have we walked?

You have walked

You haven’t walked

Have you walked?

They have walked

They haven’t walked

Have they walked?

2. Present perfect, function

 The Present Perfect is used to indicate a link between the present and the past. The time of the action is before now but not specified, and we are often more interested in the resultthan in the action itself.

BE CAREFUL! There may be a verb tense in your language with a similar form, but the meaning is probably NOT the same.

The Present Perfect is used to describe:

  1. An action or situation that started in the past and continues in the present. Example: I have lived in Bristol since 1984 (= and I still do.)
  2. An action performed during a period that has not yet finished. Example: She has been to the cinema twice this week (= and the week isn’t over yet.)
  3. A repeated action in an unspecified period between the past and now. Example: We have visited Portugal several times.
  4. An action that was completed in the very recent past, (expressed by ’just’). Example: I have just finished my work.
  5. An action when the time is not important. Example: He has read ’War and Peace’(the result of his reading is important)

Note: When we want to give or ask details about when, where, who, we use the simple pastExample: He read ’War and Peace’ last week.

Examples:

1. Actions started in the past and continuing in the present.

  • They haven’t lived here for years.
  • She has worked in the bank for five years.
  • We have had the same car for ten years.
  • Have you played the piano since you were a child?

2. When the time period referred to has not finished.

  • I have worked hard this week.
  • It has rained a lot this year.
  • We haven’t seen her today.

3. Actions repeated in an unspecified period between the past and now.

  • They have seen that film six times.
  • It has happened several times already.
  • She has visited them frequently.
  • We have eaten at that restaurant many times.

4. Actions completed in the very recent past (+just).

  • Have you just finished work?
  • have just eaten.
  • We have just seen her.
  • Has he just left?

5. When the precise time of the action is not important or not known.

  • Someone has eaten my soup!
  • Have you seen ’Gone with the Wind’?
  • She’s studied Japanese, Russian and English.
21/11/2012 16:40 miprimerzarzablog #. ENGLISH No hay comentarios. Comentar.

Present Perfect with for, since, just, before, yet and already

Present Perfect + for and since

Using the present perfect, we can define a period of time before now by considering its duration, with for + a period of time, or by considering its starting point, with since + a point in time.

For + a period of time

  • for six years, for a week, for a month, for hours, for two hours.
  • I have worked here for five years.

Since + a point in time

  • since this morning, since last week, since yesterday,
  • since I was a child, since Wednesday, since 2 o’clock.
  • I have worked here since 1990.

present perfect with for

  • She has lived here for twenty years.
  • We have taught at this school for a long time.
  • Alice has been married for three months.
  • They have been at the hotel for a week.

present perfect with since

  • She has lived here since 1980.
  • We have taught at this school since 1965
  • Alice has been married since March 2nd.
  • They have been at the hotel since last Tuesday.

 

Present perfect + just, before, already and yet

PRESENT PERFECT + just and before

Just

indicates that the action has happened in the very recent past and it is completed, e.g.
a. I’ve just lost my car keys and can’t leave for work.
b. Don’t call John, I’ve just done it.

Position

Just can be placed before the main verb (past participle).

Before

indicates the existence of past events, and emphasizing the pastness of the event with a redundant before e.g.
a. She has seen the movie before.
b. I have met her before the summer.

Position

Before is usually placed at the end of the sentence.

PRESENT PERFECT + already and yet

refers to an action that has happened at an unspecified time before now. It suggests that there is no need for repetition, e.g.
a. I’ve already drunk three coffees this morning. (and you’re offering me another one!)
b. Don’t write to John, I’ve already done it.

It is also used in questions:

  • Have you already written to John?
  • Has she finished her homework already?

Position

already can be placed before the main verb (past participle) or at the end of the sentence:

  • I have already been to Tokyo.
  • I have been to Tokyo already.

Yet

is used in negative statements and questions, to mean (not) in the period of time between before now and now, (not) up to and including the present. e.g.

  • Have you met Judy yet?
  • I haven’t visited the Tate Gallery yet.
  • Has he arrived yet?
  • They haven’t eaten yet.

Position

Yet is usually placed at the end of the sentence.


21/11/2012 17:30 miprimerzarzablog #. ENGLISH Hay 2 comentarios.

Thursday, 22nd November: THANKSGIVING DAY

                  

Fun Facts about the First Thanksgiving

  • The Plymouth Pilgrims were the first to celebrate the Thanksgiving.
  • The Pilgrims sailed across the Atlantic Ocean to reach North America.
  • They sailed on the ship, which was known by the name of ’Mayflower’.
  • They celebrated the first Thanksgiving Day at Plymouth, Massachusetts.
  • The Wampanoag Indians were the people who taught the Pilgrims how to cultivate the land.
  • The Pilgrim leader, Governor William Bradford, had organized the first Thanksgiving feast in 1621. He invited the neighboring Wampanoag Indians to the feast.
  • The first Thanksgiving celebration lasted three days.
  • Mashed potatoes, pumpkin pies, popcorn, milk, corn on the cob, and cranberries were not foods present on the first Thanksgiving’s feast table.
  • Lobster, rabbit, chicken, fish, squashes, beans, chestnuts, hickory nuts, onions, leeks, dried fruits, maple syrup and honey, radishes, cabbage, carrots, eggs, and goat cheese are thought to have made up the first Thanksgiving feast.
  • The pilgrims didn’t use forks; they ate with spoons, knives, and their fingers.

  •                                               

    Thanksgiving Facts throughout History

  • Benjamin Franklin wanted the turkey to be the national bird of the United States.
  • Sarah Josepha Hale, an American magazine editor, persuaded Abraham Lincoln to declare Thanksgiving a national holiday. She is also the author of the popular nursery rhyme "Mary Had a Little Lamb".
  • Abraham Lincoln issued a ’Thanksgiving Proclamation’ on third October 1863 and officially set aside the last Thursday of November as the national day for Thanksgiving.
  • The annual Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade tradition began in the 1920’s.
  • In 1939, President Roosevelt proclaimed that Thanksgiving would take place on November 23rd, not November 30th, as a way to spur economic growth and extend the Christmas shopping season.
  • Congress to passed a law on December 26, 1941, ensuring that all Americans would celebrate a unified Thanksgiving on the fourth Thursday of November every year.
  • Since 1947, the National Turkey Federation has presented a live turkey and two dressed turkeys to the President. The President does not eat the live turkey. He "pardons" it and allows it to live out its days on a historical farm.

  •                          

    Fun Facts about Thanksgiving Today

  • In the US, about 280 million turkeys are sold for the Thanksgiving celebrations.
  • Each year, the average American eats somewhere between 16 - 18 pounds of turkey.
  • Californians are the largest consumers of turkey in the United States.
  • Thanksgiving Day is celebrated on the fourth Thursday in November in the United States.
  • Although, Thanksgiving is widely considered an American holiday, it is also celebrated on the second Monday in October in Canada.
  • Black Friday is the Friday after Thanksgiving in the United States, where it is the beginning of the traditional Christmas shopping season.

  •                                          

    Fun Turkey Facts

  • The average weight of a turkey purchased at Thanksgiving is 15 pounds.
  • The heaviest turkey ever raised was 86 pounds, about the size of a large dog.
  • A 15 pound turkey usually has about 70 percent white meat and 30 percent dark meat.
  • The five most popular ways to serve leftover turkey is as a sandwich, in stew, chili or soup, casseroles and as a burger.
  • Turkey has more protein than chicken or beef.
  • Turkeys will have 3,500 feathers at maturity.
  • Male turkeys gobble. Hens do not. They make a clucking noise.
  • Commercially raised turkeys cannot fly.
  • Turkeys have heart attacks. The United States Air Force was doing test runs and breaking the sound barrier. Nearby turkeys dropped dead with heart attacks.
  • A large group of turkeys is called a flock.
  • Turkeys have poor night vision.
  • It takes 75-80 pounds of feed to raise a 30 pound tom turkey.
  • A 16-week-old turkey is called a fryer. A five to seven month old turkey is called a young roaster.
  •                                      

    22/11/2012 00:49 miprimerzarzablog #. NOTICIAS No hay comentarios. Comentar.

    THANKSGIVING DAY

     

    On the fourth Thursday of November, Americans celebrate Thanksgiving, a national holiday honoring the early settlers and their harvest feast known as the first Thanksgiving.

    Learn more about the First Thanksgiving.

                                  

    22/11/2012 01:18 miprimerzarzablog #. NOTICIAS No hay comentarios. Comentar.

    Writing Task 8

    Friday, 23rd November 2012

    Descriptive / Creative writing

    Write a description (true or imaginary) for a writing competition about a time when you helped a friend in trouble. Describe what you did to help and explain what you have learnt from the experience.

     

                                      

    23/11/2012 14:00 miprimerzarzablog #. ENGLISH Hay 1 comentario.

    SPAIN'S POLITICAL SYSTEM - Questions

    1. What is the Constitution?
    2. When was the Spanish Constitution approved?
    3. What does the word “democracy” mean?
    4. What are elections for? How often are they held?
    5. How old do you have to be to vote in Spain?
    6. Who is the head of state in Spain?
    7. Which Spanish institution monitors the government’s activities?
    8. How many Members of Parliament are there in the Spanish Congress?
    9. Who chooses the ministers of the Spanish government?
    10. What type of power have magistrates got?
    11. Which power passes new laws and makes changes to old laws?
    12. How many autonomous communities are there in Spain?
    13. What are Ceuta and Melilla? Where are they?
    14. What official symbols have all autonomous communities got?
    15. Which two autonomous communities are not part of the Iberian Peninsula?
    16. Which seas does the Iberian Peninsula border on?
    17. What organisation passed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights?
    18. Which human rights are included in the Spanish Constitution of 1978?
    19. Which Spanish citizens must obey the law?
    20. Who has got the right to clean water?

     

     

    28/11/2012 22:17 miprimerzarzablog #. SOCIAL AND NATURAL SCIENCE No hay comentarios. Comentar.

    Curious facts about our national symbols

    THE COLOURS OF THE FLAG

    • In the times of King Carlos III, the Spanish flag was white, with a Picture of the royal coat of arms in the centre. White was the colour of the Bourbon royal dynasty. In other countries where the Bourbons ruled, such as France and Italy, the national flags were also white.
    • In those times, warships and trading ships used flags to show their nationality, but many countries had flags with the same colours. It was difficult to see the differences at a distance or when it wasn’t windy. When people saw a strange ship, they didn’t know its nationality until the ship was very close, and that could be dangerous during a war!
    • King Carlos III decided to change his country’s flag. He organised a competition and people created 12 different designs. The king finally chose a red and yellow design because it was easy to see on ships from a distance. That is why red and yellow are the colours of Spain’s flag today.


    THE ANTHEM

    • The Spanish national anthem was originally a military march, a grenadier (an elite military corps from the 18th century) march to be precise. In 1770, King Carlos III proclaimed it the anthem of the Spanish Crown. It has been our national anthem since then.

                                 

    28/11/2012 22:18 miprimerzarzablog #. SOCIAL AND NATURAL SCIENCE No hay comentarios. Comentar.

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