Se muestran los artículos pertenecientes a Noviembre de 2012.
Wednesday, 31st October 2012
Write a Halloween story in which there is a cat, a monster with a problem and a haunted house. Have also someone speaking!!
Friday, 9th November 2012
Descriptive / Creative writing
Write your diary (true or imaginary) for a day when you had the opportunity to do something you have always wanted to do.
- The Revolt of Aranjuez (1808) was a revolt against Carlos IV led by his own son Fernando VII, an unprecedented event in the history of Spain.
- As a result of the uprising, Carlos IV abdicated the throne in favour of his son Fernando VII.
- After this confusing situation, Napoleon managed to get Carlos IV and Fernando VII to Bayonne and to give up the throne to José Bonaparte, his brother.
- Meanwhile Fernando VII remained in prison. When he returned to Spain in 1814, he was received with great jubilation by the entire nation, who named him Fernando the Desired.
- The Spanish Civil War started in the year 1936.
- General Francisco Franco led a military coup against the government of the Second Republic.
- Spaniards were divided into two groups: the republicans and the nationalist.
- The war ended in the year 1939. The nationalists won the war.
- General Francisco Franco established a dictatorship.
- Who was the king of Spain on 2nd May 1808?
- Where was the Constitution of 1812 signed?
- Who became king after the War of Independence?
- Who was the first constitutional monarch? When did she rule? Which political group wanted her to have more power?
- When did the First Republic start? When did it finished?
- Who became king after the First Republic?
- When did Primo de Rivera establish a dictatorship?
- When did Alfonso XIII leave Spain?
- When did the Second Republic start? When did it finished?
- What happened in Spain during the Second Republic?
- When did the Spanish Civil War start? When did it end? Who won the war? What happened as a result?
- Who did the nationalists support during the Civil War?
- Who was General Franco? What form of government did he establish in Spain?
- When did Franco die?
- Who was Spain’s first president after Franco died?
- Who tried to lead a military coup in 1981?
- Which political party won the elections in 1982?
- Which political party was in power in 1998?
- What style of buildings did the architect Antonio Gaudí design?
- What type of artist were Chillida and Gargallo?
- What style of painting was Salvador Dalí famous for using?
- Look for the definitions of the following concepts in a dictionary: military coup, republic, monarchy, dictatorship, democracy and strike.
En 1954 la Asamblea General recomendó que todos los países instituyeran el DIA UNIVERSAL DEL NIÑO, fecha que se dedicaría a la fraternidad y a la comprensión entre los niños del mundo entero y se destinaría a actividades propias para promover el bienestar de los niños del mundo. La Asamblea sugirió a los gobiernos que celebraran el Día en la fecha que cada uno de ellos estimara conveniente. El día 20 de noviembre marca la fecha en que la Asamblea aprobó la Declaración de los Derechos del Niño en 1959 y la Convención sobre los Derechos del Niño en 1989.
En septiembre de 2000, durante la Cumbre del Milenio, los líderes mundiales elaboraron los ocho objetivos de desarrollo del Milenio (ODM), que abarcan desde la reducción a la mitad de la pobreza extrema hasta la detención de la propagación del VIH/SIDA y la consecución de la enseñanza primaria universal para el año 2015. Aunque los objetivos del Milenio están dirigidos a toda la humanidad, se refieren principalmente a la infancia. El UNICEF nota que seis de los ocho objetivos incumben directamente a la infancia y que la realización de los dos últimos también traerá mejoras fundamentales a las vidas de los niños y niñas. (Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio, UNICEF)
En 2012, el Secretario General puso en marcha una nueva iniciativa «La educación ante todo». La iniciativa tiene como objetivo elevar el perfil político de la educación, fortalecer el movimiento mundial para lograr una enseñanza de calidad y generar fondos adicionales a través de una mayor promoción. Los avances en materia de educación tendrán un impacto importante en todos los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio: reducir la mortandad infantil y materna, mejorar la salud, asegurar mayores ingresos y promover sociedades más respetuosas del medio ambiente.
Present Perfect Verb Tense
1. Present Perfect - Form
The present perfect of any verb is composed of two elements : the appropriate form of the auxiliary verb to have (present tense), plus the past participle of the main verb. The past participle of a regular verb is base+ed, e.g. played, arrived, looked.
to have + not
|to have + not||subject||past participle|
Example: to walk, present perfect
I have walked
I haven’t walked
Have I walked?
You have walked
You haven’t walked
Have you walked?
He, she, it has walked
He, she, it hasn’t walked
Has he,she,it walked
We have walked
We haven’t walked
Have we walked?
You have walked
You haven’t walked
Have you walked?
They have walked
They haven’t walked
Have they walked?
2. Present perfect, function
The Present Perfect is used to indicate a link between the present and the past. The time of the action is before now but not specified, and we are often more interested in the resultthan in the action itself.
BE CAREFUL! There may be a verb tense in your language with a similar form, but the meaning is probably NOT the same.
The Present Perfect is used to describe:
- An action or situation that started in the past and continues in the present. Example: I have lived in Bristol since 1984 (= and I still do.)
- An action performed during a period that has not yet finished. Example: She has been to the cinema twice this week (= and the week isn’t over yet.)
- A repeated action in an unspecified period between the past and now. Example: We have visited Portugal several times.
- An action that was completed in the very recent past, (expressed by ’just’). Example: I have just finished my work.
- An action when the time is not important. Example: He has read ’War and Peace’. (the result of his reading is important)
Note: When we want to give or ask details about when, where, who, we use the simple past. Example: He read ’War and Peace’ last week.
1. Actions started in the past and continuing in the present.
- They haven’t lived here for years.
- She has worked in the bank for five years.
- We have had the same car for ten years.
- Have you played the piano since you were a child?
2. When the time period referred to has not finished.
- I have worked hard this week.
- It has rained a lot this year.
- We haven’t seen her today.
3. Actions repeated in an unspecified period between the past and now.
- They have seen that film six times.
- It has happened several times already.
- She has visited them frequently.
- We have eaten at that restaurant many times.
4. Actions completed in the very recent past (+just).
- Have you just finished work?
- I have just eaten.
- We have just seen her.
- Has he just left?
5. When the precise time of the action is not important or not known.
- Someone has eaten my soup!
- Have you seen ’Gone with the Wind’?
- She’s studied Japanese, Russian and English.
Present Perfect + for and since
Using the present perfect, we can define a period of time before now by considering its duration, with for + a period of time, or by considering its starting point, with since + a point in time.
For + a period of time
- for six years, for a week, for a month, for hours, for two hours.
- I have worked here for five years.
Since + a point in time
- since this morning, since last week, since yesterday,
- since I was a child, since Wednesday, since 2 o’clock.
- I have worked here since 1990.
present perfect with for
- She has lived here for twenty years.
- We have taught at this school for a long time.
- Alice has been married for three months.
- They have been at the hotel for a week.
present perfect with since
- She has lived here since 1980.
- We have taught at this school since 1965
- Alice has been married since March 2nd.
- They have been at the hotel since last Tuesday.
Present perfect + just, before, already and yet
PRESENT PERFECT + just and before
indicates that the action has happened in the very recent past and it is completed, e.g.
a. I’ve just lost my car keys and can’t leave for work.
b. Don’t call John, I’ve just done it.
Just can be placed before the main verb (past participle).
indicates the existence of past events, and emphasizing the pastness of the event with a redundant before e.g.
a. She has seen the movie before.
b. I have met her before the summer.
Before is usually placed at the end of the sentence.
PRESENT PERFECT + already and yet
a. I’ve already drunk three coffees this morning. (and you’re offering me another one!)
b. Don’t write to John, I’ve already done it.
It is also used in questions:
- Have you already written to John?
- Has she finished her homework already?
already can be placed before the main verb (past participle) or at the end of the sentence:
- I have already been to Tokyo.
- I have been to Tokyo already.
is used in negative statements and questions, to mean (not) in the period of time between before now and now, (not) up to and including the present. e.g.
- Have you met Judy yet?
- I haven’t visited the Tate Gallery yet.
- Has he arrived yet?
- They haven’t eaten yet.
Yet is usually placed at the end of the sentence.
Fun Facts about the First Thanksgiving
Thanksgiving Facts throughout History
Fun Facts about Thanksgiving Today
Fun Turkey Facts
On the fourth Thursday of November, Americans celebrate Thanksgiving, a national holiday honoring the early settlers and their harvest feast known as the first Thanksgiving.
Learn more about the First Thanksgiving.
Friday, 23rd November 2012
Descriptive / Creative writing
Write a description (true or imaginary) for a writing competition about a time when you helped a friend in trouble. Describe what you did to help and explain what you have learnt from the experience.
- What is the Constitution?
- When was the Spanish Constitution approved?
- What does the word “democracy” mean?
- What are elections for? How often are they held?
- How old do you have to be to vote in Spain?
- Who is the head of state in Spain?
- Which Spanish institution monitors the government’s activities?
- How many Members of Parliament are there in the Spanish Congress?
- Who chooses the ministers of the Spanish government?
- What type of power have magistrates got?
- Which power passes new laws and makes changes to old laws?
- How many autonomous communities are there in Spain?
- What are Ceuta and Melilla? Where are they?
- What official symbols have all autonomous communities got?
- Which two autonomous communities are not part of the Iberian Peninsula?
- Which seas does the Iberian Peninsula border on?
- What organisation passed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights?
- Which human rights are included in the Spanish Constitution of 1978?
- Which Spanish citizens must obey the law?
- Who has got the right to clean water?
THE COLOURS OF THE FLAG
• In the times of King Carlos III, the Spanish flag was white, with a Picture of the royal coat of arms in the centre. White was the colour of the Bourbon royal dynasty. In other countries where the Bourbons ruled, such as France and Italy, the national flags were also white.
• In those times, warships and trading ships used flags to show their nationality, but many countries had flags with the same colours. It was difficult to see the differences at a distance or when it wasn’t windy. When people saw a strange ship, they didn’t know its nationality until the ship was very close, and that could be dangerous during a war!
• King Carlos III decided to change his country’s flag. He organised a competition and people created 12 different designs. The king finally chose a red and yellow design because it was easy to see on ships from a distance. That is why red and yellow are the colours of Spain’s flag today.
• The Spanish national anthem was originally a military march, a grenadier (an elite military corps from the 18th century) march to be precise. In 1770, King Carlos III proclaimed it the anthem of the Spanish Crown. It has been our national anthem since then.