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MIDDLE AGES

-  THE END OF ANCIENT HISTORY

  • Roman empire became too large and it was divided into 2 parts:

    WESTERN ROMAN EMPIRE (ROME)
    EASTERN ROMAN EMPIRE (CONSTANTINOPLE)
  • Barbarians tribes moved into Roman territory, Rome was invaded in 476 C.E which was the end of the Ancient Period.

- GERMANIC PEOPLES

  • Many barbarians were Germanic tribes from Central Europe.

  • Most were farmers, so they lived in the countryside.

  • They had their culture but learned to speak LATIN, adopted ROMAN LAWS and they converted to CHRISTIANITY.

  • Society was divided into 3 main groups: KNIGHTS, CLERGY and PEASANTS.

  • A new social and economic system was developed: FEUDALISM.

 

- THE VISIGOTHIC KINGDOM OF TOLEDO

  • The Visigoths were an important Germanic tribe. They arrived in Roman Hispania in 507 C.E.
  • Visigoths established a new kingdom in the Western Roman Empire, with its capital city in Toledo.
  • That was the beginning of the Middle Ages in Spain.

 

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