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Se muestran los artículos pertenecientes a Febrero de 2013.

Writing Task 12

Friday, 1st February 2013

FACTUAL WRITING

Your American friend is visiting you and wants to go and buy some souvenirs for his family. There is a gift shop near your house. Write some directions for your friend telling him how to find it. Say when the shop is open and what he can buy there.

 

                                  

01/02/2013 13:04 miprimerzarzablog #. ENGLISH No hay comentarios. Comentar.

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Un análisis exhaustivo ha llevado a la realización de este fantástico gráfico revelando las “grandes capacidades” que hacen que las profesoras sean tan excepcionales, ¿o no?


01/02/2013 13:05 miprimerzarzablog #. NOTICIAS No hay comentarios. Comentar.

5 de febrero: DÍA INTERNACIONAL DE LA INTERNET SEGURA

Pincha en el link y visita la página oficial del Día Internacional de la Internet Segura.

CONÉCTATE Y RESPETA


05/02/2013 09:08 miprimerzarzablog #. NOTICIAS No hay comentarios. Comentar.

How much do you know about your heart?

Find out by taking this quiz!

If you still need to look for more information about your Heart and the Circulatory System, try here.

100º Aniversario del nacimiento de MARY LEAKEY, la paleontóloga sin la que la evolución humana sería un misterio.

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Si no fuese por Mary Leakey la historia de la evolución humana seguramente sería aún hoy un auténtico misterio. La paleontóloga, de cuyo nacimiento se cumplen hoy cien años, formó parte de un equipo de arqueólogos que descubrieron en Kenia y Tanzania fósiles que demostraron que los orígenes del hombre eran más antiguos de lo que se creía. Casada con el también arqueólogo Louis Leakey -juntos formaron una de las parejas de paleontólogos más famosas del siglo XX-, Mary Leakey fue la encargada de dirigir las excavaciones de la garganta de Olduvai, un importante yacimiento en el que se halló una mandíbula de Paranthropus boisei. Mary Leakey, fiel a su instinto, siguió una pista de 89 metros de largo en donde quedaron marcadas las huellas del homo habilis, y así, descubrió que este tipo de especie se desplazaba de forma bípeda, una de las claves más importantes del estilo de vida durante el Pleistoceno.

Mary Leakey encontró el cráneo un homínido de 1,75 millones de años de antigüedad, el Australopithecus boisei, y halló junto a su marido restos fosilizados de cuatro individuos de entre 1,6 y 1,8 millones de años de antigüedad, que, en un estudio de la revista Nature publicado en el año 1964, fueron denominados Homo habilis. Esto encendió un tenso debate entre la comunidad científica -algunos expertos encontraban importantes similitudes entre este nuevo hallazgo y el Australophitecus y el Homo erectus, especies por encima y por debajo en la escala de antigüedad- sobre el que, años más tarde, arrojó luz el hijo de Mary Leakey cuando localizó en Kenia cráneos de hace dos millones de años.

Del matrimonio de Mary Leakey y Louis Leakey nació su hijo Richard Leakey en Nairobi en 1944. Pronto siguió los pasos de sus padres. A los seis años encontró su primer fósil, una parte de un cerdo gigante extinguido, y en 1967 dirigió una expedición internacional en el valle del río Omo que duró más de 30 años y en la que se descubrieron más de 200 fósiles. Ya la pasión de Mary Leakey por la paleontología se remontaba también a sus primeros años de vida. A raíz de la profesión de su padre, un pintor paisajista que se dedicaba a viajar por todo europa con su familia, Mary Leakey conoció la Dordoña, una región francesa rica en yacimientos de arte prehistórico. Tras la muerte de su padre, regresó con su madre a Londres y se propuso especializarse en Prehistoria. Fue entonces cuando una de sus profesoras descubrió en Mary Leakey un innato talento para el dibujo y le propuso ilustrar uno de sus estudios sobre un área fosilífera situada al norte de Egipto. Además de abrirle las puertas al universo de la arqueología, la Dra. Gertrude Caton-Thompson le presentó a su futuro marido Louis Leakey, quien, impresionado por la destreza ilustrativa de Mary Leakey, le pidió que colaborase también con él en su libro Adam’s Ancestors. Fue el inicio de una relación que duró toda una vida y de la que nacieron, además de Richard Leakey, otros dos hijos, Jonathan y Philip.

06/02/2013 09:25 miprimerzarzablog #. NOTICIAS No hay comentarios. Comentar.

MENSAJE DE SONIA Y RAQUEL...

¡Hola chicos y chicas de 6º!

Gracias por abrirnos un espacio en vuestro blog. Como no nos vamos a ver hasta dentro de un mes, nos gustaría seguir en contacto por aquí y saber qué tal os van las cosas hasta la próxima sesión.

Esta semana hemos tenido el tercer taller de  “del cole al instituto”. Hemos aprendido algunos nombres nuevos de emociones y hemos comprobado que a veces no es fácil darnos cuenta de cómo nos sentimos.

En alguna clase también nos ha dado tiempo a hacer un pequeño debate sobre qué opinamos ante algunas situaciones que se dan en nuestra clase y en el colegio, y qué cosas podríamos hacer para mejorar aquello que no nos gusta.

Una de las actividades del taller ha sido ordenar las emociones por familias, y al hacerlo hemos podido ver que muchas veces las emociones están mezcladas y podemos sentir más de una a la vez.

¿Estáis de acuerdo? Aquí os dejamos un cuento que habla sobre esto... 

La Furia y la Tristeza

Érase una vez, una laguna de agua cristalina donde nadaban peces de todos los colores y donde todas las tonalidades de azul y verde se reflejaban y brillaban con el sol.

Un día, se acercaron hasta aquel estanque mágico y transparente la Tristeza y la Furia para bañarse.

Las dos se quitaron sus vestidos y desnudas entraron en el estanque. La Furia, que tenía prisa, como es su costumbre, corriendo y sin saber por qué, se bañó rápidamente y más rápidamente aún salió del agua.

Pero la Furia que es ciega o por lo menos no distingue claramente la realidad, desnuda y apresurada, se puso al salir el primer vestido que encontró.

Y sucedió que aquel vestido no era el suyo, sino el de la tristeza. Y así vestida de tristeza, la furia se fué.

Muy calmada y muy serena, dispuesta como siempre a quedarse en el lugar donde está, la tristeza terminó su baño y sin ninguna prisa, sin conciencia del paso del tiempo, con pereza y lentamente salió del estanque.

En la orilla se dió cuenta de que su ropa ya no estaba. Como todo el mundo sabe, si hay algo que a la tristeza no le gusta  nada es quedar al desnudo. Así que se puso la única ropa que había junto al estanque: el vestido de la furia.

Cuentan que desde entonces muchas veces uno se encuentra con la Furia, ciega, cruel, terrible y enfadada. Pero si nos ponemos a mirar bien, nos damos cuenta de que esta furia que vemos es sólo un disfraz y que detrás del disfraz de la furia en realidad, está escondida la Tristeza.

¿Qué pensáis?  ¿Estáis de acuerdo con lo que dice el cuento?

¿Alguna vez habéis sentido tristeza por dentro pero lo que habéis demostrado por fuera es enfado, rabia o furia? 

¿Porqué algunas veces es difícil reconocer que nos sentimos tristes?

Nos encantará leer vuestros comentarios, preguntas, sugerencias sobre los talleres...

Un abrazo.

Sonia y Raquel 

  

CIRCULATION and EXCRETION- Questions

  1. Why does the body need nutrients and oxygen? How are they carried around our bodies?
  2. What does the body do with the substances it doesn’t need or which are harmful?
  3. What does the circulatory system do?
  4. Which systems are involved in the process of waste elimination?
  5. Explain: pulmonary circulation and general circulation.
  6. What is the difference between oxygenated blood and deoxygenated blood?
  7. What does the blood carry? What does it contains?
  8. How many types of blood cells are there? Name them and say what their functions are.
  9. Where do the blood vessels go?
  10. Which blood vessels carry blood to the right atrium?
  11. What are the capillaries?
  12. How many chambers has the heart got? How are they called?
  13. Which chamber of the heart pumps blood around the body?
  14. What does the septum do?
  15. Where does blood pick up oxygen?
  16. What are the functions of the excretory system? Name the two main parts of the excretory system.
  17. What do sweat glands do? What does sweat contain?
  18. What are the main parts of the urinary tract? And what are their functions?
  19. Explain the process of eliminating waste products and harmful substances through the urinary tract.
  20. Where are the kidneys?
  21. What blood vessels carry blood to the kidneys?

12th February: PANCAKE DAY / SHROVE TUESDAY

In the UK, Shrove Tuesday is also known as Pancake Day (or Pancake Tuesday to some people) because it is the one day of the year when almost everyone eats a pancake.

In 2013 Pancake Day is on Tuesday 12 February.

What happens on Pancake Day in England?

Read on to find out why we eat pancakes on Shrove Tuesday and other facts about this special time of year.

 What is Pancake Day?

Pancake Day (also known as Shrove Tuesday) is the last day before the period which Christians call Lent. It is traditional on this day to eat pancakes in England. 

 Why are Pancakes eaten on Shrove Tuesday?

Lent is a time of abstinence, of giving things up. So Shrove Tuesday is the last chance to indulge yourself, and to use up the foods that aren’t allowed in Lent. Pancakes are eaten on this day because they contain fat, butter and eggs which were forbidden during Lent.

 When is Shrove Tuesday (Pancake Day)?

Shrove Tuesday is celebrated the day before Ash Wednesday and is therefore the final day before the commencement of Lent, a Christian festival leading up to Easter Sunday (Easter Day).

Shrove Tuesday always falls 47 days before Easter Sunday, so the date varies from year to year and falls between 3 February and 9 March.

Why do Christians call the day ’Shrove Tuesday’?

The name Shrove comes from the old word "shrive" which means to confess. On Shrove Tuesday, in the Middle Ages, people used to confess their sins so that they were forgiven before the season of Lent began. 

 What is Shrove Tuesday?

Shrove Tuesday is a day of celebration as well as penitence, because it’s the last day before Lent. Throughout the United Kingdom, and in other countries too, people indulge themselves on foods that traditionally aren’t allowed during Lent. Pancakes are eaten on this day because they contain fat, butter and eggs which were forbidden during Lent. 

 What is an English Pancake?

A pancake is a thin, flat cake, made of batter and fried in a pan.

 

Caster sugar (superfine sugar) is sprinkled over the top and a dash of fresh lemon juice added. The pancake is then rolled. Some people add golden syrup or jam. 

rolled pancake

(Click here for a pancake recipe)

 Other names for Shrove Tuesday

United Kingdom, Ireland, and Australia - Shrove TuesdayPancake Day orPancake Tuesday.

Spain - Martes de Carnaval - last day of Carnival before Ash Wednesday and the period of Lent.

Brazil Terça-feira gorda - Fat Tuesday - the final day of Brazilian Carnival.

Greece - Apocreas, which means "from the meat" since they don’t eat meat during Lent, either.

Sweden - Fettisdagen (Fat Tuesday).

USA In Catholic and French-speaking parts of the United States this day is called Mardi Gras.

Germany - "Fastnacht" (Also spelt "Fasnacht", "Fasenacht", "Fasteloven" (in the Rhine area) or "Fasching" in Bavaria.)

In France they call it Mardi Gras which means Grease or Fat Tuesday.

In Iceland the day is known as "Sprengidagur" (Bursting day).

 

Now check your knowledge and see how much you know about Pancake Day.

12/02/2013 19:19 miprimerzarzablog #. FESTIVALS No hay comentarios. Comentar.

12/02/2013 19:26 miprimerzarzablog #. FESTIVALS No hay comentarios. Comentar.

14th February: SAINT VALENTINE'S DAY

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Every February we celebrate Valentine’s Day by giving flowers, candy and cards to those we love. We do this in honor of Saint Valentine. You may be wondering, "Who is St. Valentine"? Time to brush up on your Valentine’s history!

Legend has it that Valentine was a priest who served during third century Rome. There was an Emperor at that time by the name of Claudius II. Emperor Claudius II decided that single men made better soldiers than those that were married. With this thought in mind he outlawed marriage for young men in hopes of building a stronger military base. Supposedly, Valentine, decided this decree just wasn’t fair and chose to marry young couples secretly. When Emperor Claudius II found out about Valentine’s actions he had him put to death.

Another legend has it that Valentine was an imprisoned man who fell in love with his jailor’s daughter. Before he was put to death he sent the first ’valentine’ himself when he wrote her a letter and signed it ’Your Valentine’, words still used on cards today.

Perhaps we’ll never know the true identity and story behind the man named St. Valentine, but this much is for sure... February has been the month to celebrate love for a long time, dating clear back to the Middle Ages. In fact, Valentines ranks second only to Christmas in number of greeting cards sent.

Another valentine gentleman you may be wondering about is Cupid (Latin cupido, "desire"). In Roman mythology Cupid is the son of Venus, goddess of love. His counterpart in Greek mythology is Eros, god of love. Cupid is often said to be a mischievous boy who goes around wounding both gods and humans with his arrows, causing them to fall in love.

Also, check out the History of Valentine’s Day and other ideas for Valentine’s Day, including creative Valentine cards, Valentine party games, and many more fun activities.

14/02/2013 13:12 miprimerzarzablog #. FESTIVALS No hay comentarios. Comentar.

14/02/2013 13:12 miprimerzarzablog #. FESTIVALS No hay comentarios. Comentar.

19 de febrero: 540º aniversario del nacimiento de NICOLÁS COPÉRNICO

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El científico, reconocido por su modelo matemático heliocéntrico del Sistema Solar, nació el 19 de febrero de 1473 en Torun (Polonia), en el seno de una familia adinerada que se dedicaba al comercio.

En 1491, Nicolás Copérnico ingresó a la Universidad de Cracovia, pero en 1496 se trasladó a Italia con el objetivo de terminar su educación en Bolonia, ahí cursó derecho canónico y además, recibió la influencia del humanismo italiano.

Practicó la medicina y cultivó sus intereses humanistas, y en 1507 elaboró su primera muestra de un sistema astronómico heliocéntrico, el cual se opuso al tradicional sistema ptolemaico.

En esta teoría Copérnico planteaba que las esferas que giraban alrededor de la Tierra, podían hacerlo alrededor de su propio eje una vez al día. Idea que no era demasiado original porque se les había ocurrido antes a otros.

La verdadera aportación de Copérnico fue la de proponer que la Tierra no era el centro del mundo, sino que la Tierra y todos los demás planetas se movían describiendo círculos alrededor del Sol.

En 1616, la iglesia Católica colocó el trabajo de Copérnico en su lista de libros prohibidos.

Falleció el 24 de mayo de 1543.

Si quieres saber más, pincha aquí.

19/02/2013 16:51 miprimerzarzablog #. NOTICIAS No hay comentarios. Comentar.

EUROCHAVALES

Hemos creado un nuevo enlace permanente (búscalo en la sección de Enlaces). Eurochavales, es una web de navegación segura de la Representación de la Comisión Europea en España para niños de 6 a 14 años.

Esperamos que os guste.


20/02/2013 00:00 miprimerzarzablog #. NOTICIAS No hay comentarios. Comentar.

THE LOCOMOTOR SYSTEM

  • SKELETONS INSIDE AND OUT

Skeletal systems come in many forms. You have a skeleton inside of your body (endoskeleton) made up of bones. Insects and crustaceans have skeletal systems on the outside or their bodies (exoskeletons) that are made of hard plates. 

Skeletons hold up the structureOrganisms like starfish do not have bones or plates. They have skeletons made up of fluids inside of tubes within their bodies. The fluid skeletal systems are called hydrostatic. All animals that live outside of the water need some kind of skeletal system to support or protect them. 

WHAT DOES THIS SYSTEM DO?

We already hinted at the purpose of a skeletal system. Protection and support are the two big reasons that organisms have skeletal systems. In your body, the skeleton works very closely with the muscular system to help you move. Without the bones of your skeleton, you would be a blob of water-filled tissues. The bones create a framework to which your muscles and organs can connect. Your skeleton also plays a role in protection, especially in your head. The bones of your skull protect your all-important brain. Your ribs protect most of your internal organs from impact as well. Other animals with exoskeletons receive obvious protection from their skeleton. Crabs and insects have hard shells made of chitin to protect their entire bodies. 
Structure of bone

INTERACTING WITH OTHER SYSTEMS

Your skeletal system does not work alone. We already mentioned the interaction with your muscular system. Muscles connect to your skeleton and they contract and move the skeleton along. Your skeletal system is made up of cartilage and calcified bone that work together. They help the process of movement happen in a smoother manner. The calcified bones of your skeleton also work with the circulatory system. Marrow inside of your bones helps produce the cells inside of you blood. Both red blood cells and white blood cells are created in your bones.

  • MUSCULAR SYSTEM - MEAT ON THE BONES

Many advanced animals have muscular systems. You know you do. Did you know that your muscular system is made up of three different types of muscular tissue? You have smoothcardiac, and voluntary muscle tissue in your body. Smooth muscle is muscle you rarely control such as the muscle in your intestinal tract. Cardiac muscle is very specific tissue found in your heart. Voluntary muscle is the muscle that helps you move. All of those tissues add up to a muscular system that is found through your body. There is more to the muscular system than the muscles that help you move.

WHAT DOES THIS SYSTEM DO?

The big purpose of the muscles found in your body is movement. We could be talking about the movement of your legs while you walk. We could be talking about the beating of your heart. We could also be talking about the contraction of a very small blood vessel in your brain. 

You have no control over most of the muscular system. You do control the voluntary muscle in your arms, legs, neck, and torso. You have little or no control over the heart or smooth muscle. Those other muscles are under the control of the autonomic nervous system (ANS).

INTERACTING WITH OTHER SYSTEMS

We just teased the fact that your muscular system is closely connected to the nervous system. That makes sense since you usually have to think before you can move. Even though thinking is not always involved, the neurons of the nervous system are connected to most of the cells in your muscular system. You have smooth muscles that line your digestive system and help move food through your intestines. Smooth muscle also surrounds your circulatory system and lymph system. Those muscle tissues are spread throughout your body and are even involved in controlling the temperature of your body.

MUSCLES HELP YOU MOVE

The main parts of your voluntary muscular system include the muscles, and tendons. Tendons connect your muscles to your bone at insertion points. 

When the muscle shortens, the bones are pulled closer together. Muscles called flexors force your joints to bend. Muscles called extensors cause your limbs to straighten. A bicep is a flexor and the triceps are extensors. You may have also heard of ligaments. They are batches of connective tissue that bind bones to each other. Muscles, tendons, and ligaments can been found working together in almost all of your joints.

21st February: INTERNATIONAL MOTHER LANGUAGE DAY

The United Nations (UN) International Mother Language Day annually celebrates language diversity and variety worldwide on February 21. It also remembers events such as the killing of four students on February 21, 1952, because they campaigned to officially use their mother language, Bengali, in Bangladesh.

                                    

"In this age of new technologies, books remain precious instruments, easy to handle, sturdy and practical for sharing knowledge, mutual understanding and opening the world to all. Books are the pillars of knowledge societies and essential for promoting freedom of expression and education for all."

Irina Bokova, Director-General of UNESCO
Message for International Mother Language Day 2013

21/02/2013 19:39 miprimerzarzablog #. NOTICIAS No hay comentarios. Comentar.

MUSCLES and BONES - Questions

  1. What type of skeleton have humans got?
  2. Which organs of the body does the skeleton protect?
  3. What are muscles made of?
  4. What does bone marrow produce?
  5. How many bones are there in the human body?
  6. How many bones are there in the feet?
  7. How many bones are there in the hands?
  8. What do the bones of the head do?
  9. Which bones connect each upper extremity to the trunk?
  10. Where are your metacarpals located?
  11. What shape are the muscles in your legs?
  12. What type of muscles can you control?
  13. What do the orbicular eye muscles do?
  14. Which muscle bends the leg at the knee?
  15. What type of joint can’t move?
  16. What type of joint is in your shoulder?
  17. What stops the bones in your joints from touching?
  18. What vitamins help you build strong bones?
22/02/2013 11:32 miprimerzarzablog #. SOCIAL AND NATURAL SCIENCE No hay comentarios. Comentar.

Writing Task 14

Friday, 22nd February 2013

READING INTO WRITING

You receive an email from a new pen friend in England. Her name is Jenny Kemp and she wants to know about your life. Read Jenny’s letter and then, in your own words, write a reply (approximately 75 words):

     a)    giving her the information she wants, and

     b)    asking her a different question about herself.

 

 

Hello!

My name is Jenny Kemp and I’m fifteen years old. Here’s my photo.

I want to be your pen friend. Tell me about yourself. I really want to know about:

      - your hobbies

      -  what you did last weekend

      -  what you are going to do for your next holiday.

Send me your photograph if you can!

Bye for now,

Jenny

 

                                  

22/02/2013 12:58 miprimerzarzablog #. ENGLISH Hay 2 comentarios.

Did you realise?

Bones aren’t completely solid, there are spaces between the hard parts. The hard parts are made out of bone tissue. This tissue contains cells and minerals, such as calcium and phosphorus, which are responsible for the bones’s hardness.

In some of the small spaces, there are nerves and blood vessels that provide the cells with nutrients; in other spaces, there’s tissue called bone marrow. Bone marrow can be red or yellow. Red bone marrow is a tissue that produces blood cells. Yellow bone marrow is a fatty tissue that acts as an energy store.

                                 

22/02/2013 14:15 miprimerzarzablog #. SOCIAL AND NATURAL SCIENCE No hay comentarios. Comentar.

HOW THE BODY WORKS

                   

Click on the image and then, once in the website, click on a body part to watch MOVIES, take QUIZZES, read ARTICLES, solve WORDFINDS, and do ACTIVITIES... about the PARTS OF YOUR BODY.

A different way of learning!!


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