- The Revolt of Aranjuez (1808) was a revolt against Carlos IV led by his own son Fernando VII, an unprecedented event in the history of Spain.
- As a result of the uprising, Carlos IV abdicated the throne in favour of his son Fernando VII.
- After this confusing situation, Napoleon managed to get Carlos IV and Fernando VII to Bayonne and to give up the throne to José Bonaparte, his brother.
- Meanwhile Fernando VII remained in prison. When he returned to Spain in 1814, he was received with great jubilation by the entire nation, who named him Fernando the Desired.
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