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Día 2

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02/12/2016 08:06 miprimerzarzablog #. FESTIVALS No hay comentarios. Comentar.

Día 1

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02/12/2016 07:57 miprimerzarzablog #. FESTIVALS No hay comentarios. Comentar.

Conditional Tenses

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Conditional tenses describe the result of something that might happen (in the present or future) or might have happened but didn’t (in the past).

                 

1st Conditional Tenses

IF + SUBJECT + PRESENT SIMPLE, SUBJECT + WILL + INFINITIVE

SUBJECT + WILL + INFINITIVE + IF + SUBJECT + PRESENT SIMPLE

We use the First Conditional to talk about future events that are likely to happen.

  • If we take John, he’ll be really pleased.
  • If you give me some money, I’ll pay you back tomorrow.
  • If they tell us they want it, we’ll have to give it to them.
  • If Mary comes, she’ll want to drive.  
The ’if’ clause can be used with different present forms.
  • If I go to New York again, I’ll buy you a souvenir from the Empire State Building.
  • If he’s feeling better, he’ll come.
  • If she hasn’t heard the bad news yet, I’ll tell her.

The "future clause" can contain ’going to’ or the future perfect as well as ’will’.

  • If I see him, I’m going to tell him exactly how angry I am.
  • If we don’t get the contract, we’ll have wasted a lot of time and money.

The "future clause" can also contain other modal verbs such as ’can’ and ’must’.

  • If you go to New York, you must have the cheesecake in Lindy’s.
  • If he comes, you can get a lift home with him.

exercise 1

exercise 2

exercise 3

exercise 4

exercise 5

 

2nd Conditional

IF + SUBJECT + PAST SIMPLE, SUBJECT + WOULD+ INFINITIVE

SUBJECT + WOULD + INFINITIVE + IF + SUBJECT + PAST SIMPLE

The Second Conditional is used to talk about ’impossible’ situations.

  • If we were in London today, we would be able to go to the concert in Hyde Park.
  • If I had millions dollars, I’d give a lot to charity.
  • If there were no hungry people in this world, it would be a much better place.
  • If everyone had clean water to drink, there would be a lot less disease.

After I / he/ she /it we often use the subjunctive form ’were’ and not ’was’. (Some people think that ’were’ is the only ’correct’ form but other people think ’was’ is equally ’correct’ .)

  • If she were happy in her job, she wouldn’t be looking for another one.
  • If I lived in Japan, I’d have sushi every day.
  • If they were to enter our market, we’d have big problems.

The form ’If I were you’ is often used to give advice.

  • If I were you, I’d look for a new place to live.
  • If I were you, I’d go back to school and get more qualifications.

The Second Conditional is also used to talk about ’unlikely’ situations.

  • If I went to China, I’d visit the Great Wall.
  • If I was the President, I’d reduce taxes.
  • If you were in my position, you’d understand.

The choice between the first and the second conditional is often a question of the speaker’s attitude rather than of facts. Compare these examples. Otto thinks these things are possible, Peter doesn’t.

  • Otto – If I win the lottery, I’ll buy a big house. (1st conditional)
  • Peter – If I won the lottery, I’d buy a big house. (2nd conditional)
  • Otto – If I get promoted, I’ll throw a big party. (1st conditional)
  • Peter – If I got promoted, I’d throw a big party. (2nd conditional)
  • Otto – If my team win the Cup, I’ll buy champagne for everybody. (1st conditional)
  • Peter – If my team won the Cup, I’d buy champagne for everybody. (2nd conditional)

The ’If clause’ can contain the past simple or the past continuous.

  • If I was still working in Brighton, I would commute by train.
  • If she were coming, she would be here by now.
  • If they were thinking of selling, I would want to buy.

The main clause can contain ’would’ ’could’ or ’might.

  • If I had the chance to do it again, I would do it differently.
  • If we met up for lunch, we could go to that new restaurant.
  • If I spoke to him directly, I might be able to persuade him.

Sometimes the ’if clause’ is implied rather than spoken.

  • What would I do without you? ("if you weren’t here")
  • Where would I get one at this time of night? ("if I wanted one")
  • He wouldn’t agree. ("if I asked him")

exercise 1

exercise 2

exercise 3

exercise 4

exercise 5

exercise 6


26/11/2016 11:35 miprimerzarzablog #. ENGLISH Hay 1 comentario.

Writing Task # 3

Friday, 4th November 2016

Create a story (100 words) about a witch, a cat and a haunted house.

Your story should begin with: This is the witches first Halloween...            

 

                                           

04/11/2016 12:58 miprimerzarzablog #. ENGLISH Hay 1 comentario.

Writing Task # 2

Friday, 21st October 2016

Write a story (100 words) about a time you went to a museum (if you have never visited a museum, make up a story).

In your story you have to include vocabulary words from Unit 1: paintings, background, sculptures, art gallery, portraits, mural and landscapes.            

 

                                           

21/10/2016 11:48 miprimerzarzablog #. ENGLISH No hay comentarios. Comentar.

Writing Task # 1

Friday, 15th October 2016

Correspondence

Write an email to a friend telling him/her about your summer.

Include: * Where did you go?             

             * What did you do?             

             * Who were you with?       

(Write 5 Past Simple sentences)

                                           

14/10/2016 10:36 miprimerzarzablog #. ENGLISH Hay 2 comentarios.

ROALD DAHL DAY!!!!!

ROALD DAHL’s 100th Birthday!!!!!

September is Roald Dahl’s birth month, and each year it’s celebrated with a wonderful array of events centred around his birthday on 13th September.

This year we’re marking 100 years since the birth of Roald Dahl and it’s going to be the biggest worldwide celebration of Roald Dahl Day ever!

click on the image

13/09/2016 09:13 miprimerzarzablog #. NOTICIAS No hay comentarios. Comentar.

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